Read the following passage adapted from Cultural Guide – OALD, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 26 to 35.
The issue of equality for women in British society first attracted national attention in the early 20th century, when the suffragettes won for women the right to vote. In the 1960s feminism became the subject of intense debate when the women’s liberation movement encouraged women to reject their traditional supporting role and to demand equal status and equal rights with men in areas such as employment and pay.
Since then, the gender gap between the sexes has been reduced. The Equal Pay Act of 1970, for instance, made it illegal for women to be paid less than men for doing the same work, and in 1975 the Sex Discrimination Act aimed to prevent either sex having an unfair advantage when applying for jobs.
In the same year the Equal Opportunities Commission was set up to help people claim their rights to equal treatment and to publish research and statistics to show where improvements in opportunities for women need to be made. Women now have much better employment opportunities, though they still tend to get less well-paid jobs than men, and very few are appointed to top jobs in industry.
In the US the movement that is often called the “first wave of feminism” began in the mid 1800s. Susan B. Anthony worked for the right to vote, Margaret Sanger wanted to provide women with the means of contraception so that they could decide whether or not to have children, and Elizabeth Blackwell, who had to fight for the chance to become a doctor, wanted women to have greater opportunities to study. Many feminists were interested in other social issues.
The second wave of feminism began in the 1960s. Women like Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem became associated with the fight to get equal rights and opportunities for women under the law. An important issue was the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which was intended to change the Constitution. Although the ERA was not passed, there was progress in other areas. It became illegal for employers, schools, clubs, etc. to discriminate against women. But women still find it hard to advance beyond a certain point in their careers, the so-called glass ceiling that prevents them from having highlevel jobs. Many women also face the problem of the second shift, i.e. the household chores.
In the 1980s, feminism became less popular in the US and there was less interest in solving the remaining problems, such as the fact that most women still earn much less than men. Although there is still discrimination, the principle that it should not exist is widely accepted.
Question 26: It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that in the 19th century,______
A. British women did not complete their traditional supporting role
B. most women did not wish to have equal status and equal rights
C. British women did not have the right to vote in political elections
D. suffragettes fought for the equal employment and equal pay
Question 27: The phrase “gender gap” in paragraph 2 refers to_____.
A. the visible space between men and women
B. the difference in status between men and women
C. the social distance between the two sexes
D. the social relationship between the two sexes
Question 28: Susan B. Anthony, Margaret Sanger, and Elizabeth Blackwell are mentioned as _____.
A. American women who were more successful than men
B. American women with exceptional abilities
C. pioneers in the fight for American women’s rights
D. American women who had greater opportunities
Question 29: The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)_____.
A. was not officially approved B. changed the US Constitution
C. was brought into force in the 1960s D. supported employers, schools and clubs
Question 30: In the late 20th century, some information about feminism in Britain was issued by_____.
A. the Equal Rights Amendment B. the Equal Pay Act of 1970
C. the Equal Opportunities Commission D. the Sex Discrimination Act
Question 31: Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. The movement of feminism began in the US earlier than in Britain.
B. The women’s liberation movement in the world first began in Britain.
C. The US movement of feminism became the most popular in the late 20th century.
D. The British government passed laws to support women in the early 20th century.
Question 32: The phrase “glass ceiling” in paragraph 4 mostly means_______.
A. an imaginary barrier B. an overlooked problem
C. a ceiling made of glass D. a transparent frame
Question 33: Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. There is now no sex discrimination in Britain and in the US.
B. Many American women still face the problem of household chores.
C. An American woman once had to fight for the chance to become a doctor.
D. British women now have much better employment opportunities.
Question 34: It can be inferred from the passage that______.
A. the belief that sex discrimination should not exist is not popular in the US
B. women in Britain and the US still fight for their equal status and equal rights
C. the British government did not approve of the women’s liberation movement
D. women do not have better employment opportunities despite their great efforts
Question 35: Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
A. Opportunities for Women Nowadays B. Women and the Right to Vote
C. The Suffragettes in British Society D. Feminism in Britain and the US
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 36: A. future B. prospect C. guidance D. involve
Question 37: A. facilitate B. hydrology C. participate D. intimacy
Question 38: A. represent B. permanent C. continent D. sentiment
Question 39: A. romantic B. reduction C. popular D. financial
Question 40: A. optimist B. immediate C. fabulous D. accuracy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 41: He behaved in a very strange way. That surprised me a lot.
A. He behaved very strangely, which surprised me very much.
B. I was almost not surprised by his strange behaviour.
C. What almost surprised me was the strange way he behaved.
D. His behaviour was a very strange thing, that surprised me most.
Question 42: He cannot lend me the book now. He has not finished reading it yet.
A. Having finished reading the book, he cannot lend it to me.
B. He cannot lend me the book until he has finished reading it.
C. Not having finished reading the book, he will lend it to me
D. As long as he cannot finish reading the book, he will lend it to me.
Question 43: Crazianna is a big country. Unfortunately, it has never received respect from its
A. Crazianna has never received respect from its neighbours because it is a big country.
B. Crazianna is such a big country that it has never received respect from its neighbours.
C. It is Crazianna, a big country, that has never received respect from its neighbours.
D. Though Crazianna is a big country, it has never received respect from its neighbours.
Question 44: His academic record at high school was poor. He failed to apply to that prestigious
A. His academic record at high school was poor because he didn’t apply to that prestigious
B. His academic record at high school was poor as a result of his failure to apply to that prestigious
C. Failing to apply to that prestigious institution, his academic record at high school was poor.
D. His academic record at high school was poor; as a result, he failed to apply to that prestigious
Question 45: Smoking is an extremely harmful habit. You should give it up immediately.
A. When you give up smoking immediately, you will affect your health with this harmful habit.
B. You should give up smoking immediately and you will fall into an extremely harmful habit.
C. Stop your smoking immediately so it will become one of your extremely harmful habits.
D. As smoking is an extremely harmful habit, you should give it up immediately.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 46: “Why don’t you sit down and______?”
A. make yourself at peace B. make yourself at rest
C. make it your own home D. make yourself at home
Question 47: “You ______have cooked so many dishes. There are only three of us for lunch.”
A. wouldn’t B. oughtn’t C. needn’t D. couldn’t
Question 48: The Second World War______in 1939.
A. brought about B. turned up C. broke out D. took out
Question 49: “We’d better_____ if we want to get there in time.”
A. turn down B. speed up C. take up D. put down
Question 50: The temperature_______takes place varies widely from material to material.
A. which melting B. at which melting C. at which they melt D. which they melt
Question 51: The village was_____ visible through the dense fog.
A. only B. barely C. mostly D. hard
Question 52: ______ without animals and plants?
A. What would life on earth be like B. How would life on earth be for
C. What will life on earth be like D. How will life on earth be like
Question 53: Harry: “Are you ready, Kate? There’s not much time left.”
Kate: “Yes, just a minute. ______!”
A. No longer B. I won’t finish C. I’d be OK D. I’m coming
Question 54: “______ you treat him, he’ll help you. He’s so tolerant.”
A. No matter how B. In addition to C. Even though D. As if
Question 55: I could not____ the lecture at all. It was too difficult for me.
A. get along B. make off C. take in D. hold on
Question 56: I did not want to believe them, but in fact, _____ was true
A. what they said B. what has said C. that they were said D. which they said
Question 57: “You’ll recognize Jenny when you see her. She_____a red hat.”
A. will wear B. will be wearing C. wears D. is wearing
Question 58: Alfonso: “I had a really good time. Thanks for the lovely evening.”
A. I’m glad you enjoyed it B. Yes, it’s really good
C. Oh, that’s right D. No, it’s very kind of you
Question 59: This shirt is _____that one.
A. as much expensive as B. not nearly as expensive as
C. a bit less expensive D. much far expensive than
Question 60: The sign “NO TRESPASSING” tells you____”
A. not to photograph B. not to smoke C. not to enter D. not to approach
Question 61: Sue: “Can you help me with my essay?”
A. Yes, I’m afraid not. B. I think that, too.
C. Not completely D. Why not?
Question 62: The instructor blew his whistle and_____.
A. off the runners were running B. off ran the runners
C. off were running the runners D. the runners run off
Question 63: She built a high wall round her garden_____.
A. to enable people not taking her fruit B. so that her fruit would be stolen
C. to prevent her fruit from being stolen D. in order that her fruit not be stolen
Question 64: Before I left for my summer camp, my mother told me to take warm clothes with me
____ it was cold.
A. despite B. in case C. so that D. whereas
Question 65: “Never be late for an interview,______ you can’t get the job.”
A. unless B. otherwise C. or so D. if not
Question 66: If it___ for the heavy storm, the accident would not have happened.
A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. isn’t D. were
Question 67: The sky was cloudy and foggy. We went to the beach, ____.
A. however B. even though C. so D. yet
Question 68: He never lets anything____ him and his weekend fishing trip.
A. come between B. come on C. come up D. come among
Question 69: Joan: “Our friends are coming._____, Mike?”
Mike: “I’m sorry, but I can’t do it now.”
A. Shall you make some coffee, please B. Shall I make you like some coffee
C. Why don’t we cook some coffee D. Would you mind making some coffee
Question 70: Our boss would rather____ during the working hours.
A. us not chatting B. we didn’t chat C. us not chat D. we don’t chat