Trật tự của tính từ trong tiếng Anh (Adjective Order)

 Khi dùng từ 2 đến 3 tính từ trở lên để miêu tả cho một danh từ, đặt chúng vào đúng trật tự là một việc khá quan trọng. Cùng tham khảo bài học dưới đây để viết và nói được chính xác hơn.

alternative-adjectives-word-cloud

As a general rule, adjectives are usually placed in this order:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

opinion

size

quality

age

shape

colour

participle forms

origin

material

type

purpose

The phrase a beautiful old Indian carpet follows these guidelines:

 

1

4

8

 

 

quality

age

origin

noun

a

beautiful

old

Indian

carpet

You don't have to include an example of every type of adjective, but the ones you do use should follow the order. So if you wanted to add red and green to the phrase a beautiful old Indian carpet, you would put it between old and Indian like this:

 

1

4

6

8

 

 

opinion

age

colour

origin

noun

a

beautiful

old

red and green

Indian

carpet

It sometimes helps to remember the order of adjective if you consider that adjectives whose meaning is closely, or permanently, connected to the noun are placed nearer to it in the sentence. So in this phrase: a large comfortable wooden chair wooden has a very close connection with chair .

 

2

3

10

 

 

size

quality

material type

noun

a

large

comfortable

wooden

chair


Here are some more examples:

 Ex 1

3

7

 

 

quality

participle

noun

a

new

improved

recipe

 Ex 2

1

3

10

 

 

opinion

quality

type

noun

an

old-fashioned

romantic

candle-lit

dinner for two

Sometimes we can use but between adjectives, especially if their meanings seem contradictory.

 

2

 

3

 

 

size

 

quality

noun

a

small

but

tasty

meal

If we use 2 adjectives that are similar in meaning, we usually put the shorter one first: a soft, comfortable cushion.

 

Tham khảo chương trình luyện thi IELTS tại đây
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