Phần 6: Câu hỏi và các đề tài trong bài thi Viết

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Trong bài này, chúng ta sẽ tìm hiểu câu hỏi của các dạng bài viết và các đề tài để viết luận trong cuộc thi IELTS. Hãy nhớ rằng việc hiểu rõ yêu cầu của câu hỏi là rất quan trọng.

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1) Clip 1: Question Tasks and Topics 

2) Clip 2: Vocabulary Exercise

3) Printable Documents

     a) Notes for Study

IELTS Tip

Reading newspapers regularly and watching programs on current affairs and stories of general interest can help you build a bank of ideas.

Think about whether you agree or disagree with topics discussed or look out for any causes or consequences of problems and solutions to these problems.

Remember, you will need to state your opinion and take a position on the IELTS topic in the Writing module.

QUESTION TASKS AND TOPICS IN WRITING

IELTS Writing Task 2 assesses your ability to present a clear argument supported with reasons and examples based on your own experience or knowledge. So, it is important to understand what the question is asking you to do and then support your answer with ideas that are relevant to the question.

An IELTS question consists of two parts:

Question Topic

Question Task

 

Question Topic

The topics around which writing tasks are designed are of general interest and do not require you to have specialist knowledge. It is important though that you do have an opinion on and interest in general issues in society.

The range of topics and subtopics discussed in the episode as well as other examples is listed in the table below.

Topic

Subtopic

Media

privacy issues; censorship; influence of advertising 

Education

testing and assessments; public and private education; home-schooling

Environment

eco-tourism; global warming; pollution

Health and Nutrition

obesity; alternative medicine; diet; exercise; health care

Communication

the internet; mobile phones; text messaging

Society and Culture

communities; traditions, habits and customs; arts and music; traditional versus popular culture

Family

parents and children; responsibilities in a family; generation gap; relationships – marriage and divorce

Employment

unemployment; workplace conditions; job training; apprenticeships

Transport

infrastructure; vehicle safety; road tolls; choice of transport

Technology

dependence on technology; computers and mobile phones; trends and changes

Sciences

marine biology, archaeology, architecture; geography

 

Reading the newspaper and watching programs on current affairs in particular, will help you keep up-to-date with social and community issues and therefore will help you develop a bank of ideas.

 

Question Task

The Question Task provides the focus of an IELTS question or the requirements of the task. Its purpose is to test a range of skills which would produce different types of writing.

Question tasks are designed around the following skills and assess your ability to:

• present a solution to a problem

• present two sides of an issue

• evaluate and challenge an issue

• compare and contrast an opinion or evidence

• justify an opinion and use appropriate examples

There are many different ways question tasks can be worded to assess the different types of writing. Here are some examples.

• What are the causes and effects of …

• Provide a solution or suggestion to the problem of ….

• What is a possible solution to the problem of …

• To what extent do you agree or disagree …

• What are the advantages and disadvantages of

• Is this a positive or negative development …

• Discuss both these views.

• What are your views?

• What is your opinion?

The question task not only determines the type of writing or “essay type” but the kind of language structures you will need to use. For example, if the task asks for ‘causes’ and/or ‘effects’, then the language of cause, effect and result will need to be used.

 

Cause, effect and result language structures

The relationship between cause and effect can be summarised as follows

active voice

cause

markers

effect

Obesity

causes

leads to

results in

can lead to

many chronic diseases.

high blood pressure.

heart disease.

premature death.

The number of children in the obese category has doubled.

Consequently,

As a result,

Because of this,

the rate of disease is higher.

markers

result

cause

The cause of

The reason for

obesity

is a sedentary lifestyle.

marker

result

Effect

The effect of

One consequence of

obesity is

diabetes.

premature death.

passive voice

effect

markers

Cause

Obesity

is caused by

is the result of

excess body fat.

a sedentary lifestyle.

 

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