Phần 8: Nói lưu loát

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Lưu loát là một trong những kỹ năng được đánh giá trong vòng 2 phần thi vấn đáp của IELTS. Trong phần này, chúng tôi sẽ định nghĩa về lưu loát và cung cấp những cách thức/chiến lược để giúp bạn đạt được điều này.

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1) Clip 1: Speaking Fluently

2) Clip 2: Vocabulary Exercise

3) Printable Documents

a) Notes for Study

IELTS Tip

Practise talking on a range of topics in order to build your confidence.

Record yourself speaking and listen for how often you pause or hesitate. Check that you have logically organised your ideas and used appropriate linking words.

Practise speaking at every opportunity. You can’t improve without practice!

SPEAKING FLUENTLY

Fluency is a measure of how easily and smoothly you communicate in English. Do you speak easily and at a natural pace or slowly and have to stop to think of what to say when talking?

Fluency is particularly important in Part Two of the interview – the individual long turn. This is where you will be speaking at length on a given topic, on your own without any prompting, so your ability to speak effectively, smoothly and continuously will be on show.

There are two features to consider when talking about fluency:

  • smoothness and continuity of your speech
  • rate or speed of your speech

Smoothness and continuity of your speech

How easily you speak without hesitating or pausing too often is how smoothness and continuity is measured in your speech. It is natural to pause or hesitate when speaking but only if it is at a natural pace.

When there are lengthier segments of silence in your talk this may indicate a lack of communicative grammatical structures and/or a limited range of conversational vocabulary. Are you searching for language or ideas?

Communicative grammatical structures

It is important to build a bank of grammatical structures and expressions which help communicate or express how you feel about something. Being emphatic about something or wanting to emphasise a point is one such structure.

Emphatic structures

Drawing attention or importance to a reason, example, opinion or comparison is relevant to all parts of the speaking test.

There is a variety of structures used for emphasising a particular point or idea in an effective manner or signalling something is important. These can include:

  • fronting
  • inversion
  • cleft clauses

Fronting

In spoken English when you want to emphasise a contrast or comparison with something in the previous sentence then that information is placed at the beginning of the sentence and is called fronting.

Fronting information changes the normal word order in a sentence and subsequently changes the emphasis and focus.

Example

Usual word order

There are many yet unexplored places to visit in Australia. The rainforests of Kakadu would be the most exciting.

To emphasise there is something special about Kakadu the superlative structure with that information is placed at the beginning of the sentence.

Fronting

There are many yet unexplored places to visit in Australia. The most exciting would be the rainforests of Kakadu.

 

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